Destructors In C++

Card image cap

Destructor?

A destructor is a special member function that works just opposite to constructor which destructs or deletes an object.


C++ destructor is executed automatically when an object is destroyed that has been created by the constructor.

C++ destructors are used to de-allocate the memory that has been allocated for the object by the constructor.

When is destructor called?

1) The program finished execution.

2) When a scope (the { } parenthesis) containing local variable ends.

3) When you call the delete operator.


Card image cap

Destructor Syntax:

Class class_name {
  public:
   ~class_name() //Destructor
     {
     }
  }

Example :



Output :

  Hey look I am in constructor
  function main is terminating....
  Hey look I am in destructor
Card image cap

Parameterized Constructor

Constructors with parameters are known as Parameterized constructors. It is used to provide different values to distinct objects.

A default constructor does not have any parameter, but if you need, a constructor can have parameters. This helps you to assign initial value to an object at the time of its creation as shown in the following example.

Example :



Output :

	Object is being created, length = 10
	Length of line : 10
	Length of line : 6
      
Card image cap